3. The bestowal of charity on one's fellow man. Islam places great emphasis on generosity and charity as
a means of purifying one's soul and getting closer to Allah. The Muslim is enjoined to give voluntarily whenever he/she can;
however, he/she is required each year to pay an obligatory charity tax of two and a half percent of his/her annual net earnings
that exceed necessities, to go to the poor and the needy, etc. The Zakat - charity - thus enables the Muslim community to
take care of all its members and insures that no one will be deprived of his/her basic human right to exist.
Fasting during the ninth month of the
lunar year "Ramadan." This fast is enjoined upon Muslims of good health and sound body who have attained the age of physical
maturity and are not prevented from performing the fast by various circumstances like travel, sickness, mental illness, or
specifically in the case of women, menstruation, or childbirth. The fast of Ramadan begins at dawn and last until sunset.
During this period the Muslim abstains from eating, and drinking, sexual activity and smoking. Fasting teaches self discipline
and control, while purifying the soul and body and strengthening one's consciousness of Allah.
5. The pilgrimage to Mecca. The pilgrimage is required of all Muslims at least once during
their lifetime, if they have the financial means. The annual pilgrimage to Mecca
is one of the greatest events of the Muslim world, uniting Muslims from every race and from every corner of the world. This
is a great experience in the life of a Muslim which enables him to draw himself closer to Allah. We would like to remind the
reader that the Holy Mosque in Mecca was built by Prophet
Abraham and his son, the Prophet Ismail, peace be upon them.